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The Creation of Hair Straighteners

June 23, 2008 by · Leave a Comment 

Hair straighteners work by breaking down the hair’s hydrogen bonds found in the hair’s cortex, which cause hair to bend and become curly. Once the bonds are broken, hair is prevented from holding its original, natural form, though the hydrogen bonds can re-form if exposed to moisture.

hairstraighten-curly.jpgA females hair before and after straightening.
The hair straightener some say dates back to 1872 to a Parisian gentleman called Marcel Grateau. His early invention which were basically heat rods, were used with chemical lotions and then added to the hair to straighten it. When these methods were used there were many draw backs. People would find their hair becoming damaged and in most cases burnt. The first patented hair iron was in 1906 by Simon Monroe, he created a tool that had metal teeth and then would be combed through the hair. They seemed to work but nothing like what we have today.

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This is the actual patent from Simon Monroe, whereas to show the whole document would have taken too much space.

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This is Simon Monroe’s drawn picture of the hot combs. He filed for the patent in 1903 and it was issued in 1906.

The first “real” hair straightener design would have to be in 1909 by Issac Shero, he patented and invented the first heated hair care tools.

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This was the actual patent and plans for Issac Shero’s Hair Straightener.

The first designs were hot metal plates that were used to slide through the hair, the products were a great improvement on the early day inventions and reduced risk on damaging the hair. He then advanced his designs and introduced ones which included the ceramic straightener and electrical straighteners. He was also the first person to have adjustable heat settings and different size hair straighteners. The most common hair straightener today would be the ceramic ones with the heating elements. It was proven by the early models that using straighteners can be damaging for the hair if not used properly or too much, this still applies today and the chances of getting split ends, or brittle and broken hair is increased. Unlike in the early days there has been advancement in many of the hairstyling tools to prevent this from happening. Products such as heat protection sprays and conditioning creams will reduce the amount of damage caused by excessive use.

So you have pretty much read a lot of “inventions” in our hair blogs lately. If there is one you would like to know about feel free to let us know. Till next time, Good Luck,

Niki

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